It was founded by Roger Williams. Due to his friendship with local Indians and knowledge of their language he obtained land from the Indians and assisted other settlers in doing the same. In 1630 he emigrated to the New World and settled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. 17th Century Rhode Island History Timeline. Rhode Island was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson. The item A map of the colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 1636-1740 represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in … You may acquire a map of this period from the Rhode Island Historical Society; In 1636 Roger Williams, a Christian minister, founded the Colony of Rhode Island after fleeing persecution in Massachusetts. 1644 - The colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantation is established. Roger Williams (c. 21 December 1603 – between 27 January and 15 March 1683) was a Puritan minister, theologian, and author who founded Providence Plantations, which became the Colony of Rhode Island.He was a staunch advocate for religious freedom, separation of church and state, and fair dealings with Native Americans, and he was one of the first abolitionists. Williams was known as a linguist, independent preacher, and a theologian. Facts about Rhode Island Colony 2: the establishment. 1634 - William Blackstone was the first Rhode Island settler. He later secured a charter from Parliament and the King for the colony. 1636 - Providence was founded as a Rhode Island settlement by Roger Williams. After graduating from Cambridge University in 1627, Williams took holy orders in the church of England. Roger Williams is generally recognized as the founder of Rhode Island. Rhode Island’s “lively experiment” in religious liberty became Williams’s most tangible legacy, with the colony becoming a haven for Baptists, Quakers, Jews and other religious minorities. Roger was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony because he wanted freedom of religion, so he went to live with the Narragansett Indians and the founded Providence in 1636. Roger Williams was the founder of an English Settlement in Providence Plantation in 1636. Although his settlement of Providence in 1636 was not the first or only settlement in the area, he was able to open the whole region to English settlement. Imprint [Providence, R.I. : Rhode Island Historical Society], c1925. The Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was one of the original Thirteen Colonies established on the east coast of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Roger Williams, the founder of Rhode Island, was born in London in 1603. 1614 - Dutch explorer Adriaen Block visited the island now named for him. 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